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Have you ever been asked by your children, or wondered yourself, who invented the computer? In the event the first names that one thinks of are IBM, Steve Jobs, Al Gore, or Bill Gates, you’re thinking down the wrong lines. Computers developed from calculating machines. Among the earliest mechanical devices for calculating, still popular today, […]
If we return in time much farther, it may very well be possible that the person who invented the computer was a Cro-Magnon man surviving in what exactly is now Czechoslovakia 20,000 years ago. The only real evidence we must support it is a wolf bone which was unearthed recently. It had 35 scratches inside it and so they were grouped in fives. Someone was having an artificial method to come up with a mathematical computation. In 1617, John Napier (1550-1617) invented “Napier’s Bones”-marked pieces of ivory for multiples of numbers. During the same century, Blaise Pascal (1623- 1662) produced an easy mechanism for adding and subtracting. Multiplication by repeated addition would have been a feature of the stepped drum or wheel machine of 1694 introduced by Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646-1716).
To reach today’s era of artificial intelligence, natural language processing and high power processing, computer inventions had to go through various generations. English mathematician Charles Babbage (1792-1871) is named the first one to conceptualize the computer. He worked to create a mechanical computing machine called the “analytical engine,” which is definitely the prototype with the digital computer. While attending Cambridge University in 1812, Babbage conceived of thinking about a product that can calculate data faster than could humans – and without human error. These were the first years of the Industrial Revolution, plus the world Babbage lived in was growing increasingly complex. Human errors in mathematical tables posed serious problems for a lot of burgeoning industries. After graduating from Cambridge, Babbage returned to the thinking behind a computational aid. He spent the entire content of his life and much of his fortune trying to build this type of machine, but he wasn’t to complete. Nevertheless, Babbage’s never-completed “analytical engine” (on which he began work in 1834) was the forerunner from the modern digital computer, a programmable electronic device that stores, retrieves, and processes data. Babbage’s device used punch cards to store data and was meant to print answers.
And this all started with Charles Babbage’s difference engine in 1822. The difference engines and analytical engines (if completed) could be heavily mechanical. Their weight will be in tons (although analytical and difference engine usually are not regarded as of any generation, why don’t we consider them to be the zeroth generation with regard to reference). The principle feature of first generation (1940 – 1956) computers was vacuum tubes. The architecture of second generation (1956 – 1963) computers was based on transistors. Third generation computers (1964 – 1971) saw the roll-out of integrated circuits. And fourth generation (1971 – present) computers use microprocessors. And now we’re within the fifth generation (present – henceforth) of computers, where artificial intelligence takes precedence.
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