The stages of Mesothelioma
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Mesothelioma is a sort of lung cancer that’s caused solely by being exposed to asbestos. Doctors usually divide the progression of cancer into 4 stages primarily based on how far the disease has spread. The 4 mesothelioma stages are like this : Stage I In Stage I, the mesothelioma is confined to the side of […]
In Stage I, the mesothelioma is confined to the side of the body. At this point, it is generally limited to the pleura. The two pleura form a membrane that surrounds the lung, and are parted by a layer of lubricating fluid. Mesothelioma in the pleura causes them to make more of this liquid than they need .
On rare occasions, Stage I mesothelioma may involve the lung itself, the pericardium ( the membrane that surrounds the heart ), or the diaphragm ( the muscle that separates the stomach from the chest ).
In stage II, the mesothelioma has spread. It now involves the chest wall, the esophagus ( which connects the mouth to the belly ), or the heart. It may affect the pleura on each side of the body. It might also have an effect on the chest’s lymph nodes ( part of the immunological response that works to filter out foreign particles ).
In stage III, the mesothelioma has spread further. It is now beyond the diaphragm and in the peritoneum ( the membrane that surrounds the abdominal cavity ). It might also affect lymph nodes outside of the chest.
In the last of the mesothelioma stages, the tumor has gone thru metastasis, that is, it has gone thru the blood vessels to spread to the organs a great distance away from the chest and abdomen.
Symptoms caused by mesothelioma depend on where it has spread to. If it is confined to a lung ( as is characteristic of early mesothelioma stages ), it could cause dry coughing and loss of breath. If it has spread to the peritoneum, it can cause fever, swelling, and bowel or urinary issues. In the final stages, it may cause trouble swallowing, sudden weight loss, or vomiting blood.swallowing, sudden weight loss, or vomiting blood.
*Please note: Information in this article is provided for informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice. You should consult a physician in all matters relating to your health.
Article By John Black
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